IPv6

What Is Internet Protocol Version 6

Internet Protocol Version 6-Internet protocol version 6 or IPv6 is an Internet protocol that will replace the current version of the Internet protocol, namely IPv4 (Internet Protocol Version 4) used for almost 2 decades. The main reason for upgrading to the Internet Protocol version 6 is because of the IP address problem. According to the InterNIC they have exhausted their IP addresses in class a and class b and are now in class C. They have no choice but to upgrade the internet protocol to a better version and the

Purpose of the IPv6 configuration is to solve the addressing problem.

IPv6, also known as IPng or the next generation Internet protocol. The advantage of Internet Protocol Version 6 is that its version is really better than IPv4 and also the advantage of IPv6 is that it can be installed like computer software and is designed to run on complex and simple computer networks. Called the next generation Internet Protocol because it has brought the ability to work on new platforms that will be introduced in the future.

But there are a number of problems with Internet Protocol Version 6 that are being worked on in the transition process. IPv6 configuration and settings are considered complicated because they are new, and also doubts whether IPv6 will be able to maintain a large global network and also if the transition will take place smoothly. IPv6 can be a very good protocol by itself but if the transition does not smoothly handle the internet protocol functions as a whole then the possibility of IPv6 is going to fail.

Internet Protocol Version 6 is the Future of Internet Protocol

An important factor driving IPv6 is to deal with future needs. A good lesson learned from the shortcomings of IPV4, the advantages of IPv6 are to overcome the shortcomings of IPv4 and to address future internet protocol needs by considering the growth of demand for Internet networks in the decades to come.

The growth indicator of the Internet industry can be seen through the development of the computer and mobile business. Both are the biggest indicators of internet growth. Nowadays people use internet services mostly through computers and some mobile devices. But predictions indicate that cellular internet use will also increase sharply in the near future. The more businesses switching online in large volumes will increase the demand for large IP addresses as well.

Another arena that can increase demand for IPv6 addresses is the television industry. Entertainment networks are the next industry that promises to require network use of more than 500 channel requests. This also means that every television connected to the network will be configured with IPv6 and will be the same host as every computer connected to the internet. Every connected television needs an internet address.

IPv4 Transition Process to Internet Protocol Version 6

The transition from IPv4 to IPv6 takes around 3 to 7 years. There are two factors involved in the transition process, namely routing and addressing. The challenge of IPv6 is being able to take over before addressing and IPv4 routing systems are damaged. In addition, configuration and IPv6 settings must be flexible to accommodate and overcome system switching from IPv4, because at one point in time the IPv6 configuration of computer network devices will be 100%.

The transition process requires sufficient time to avoid disruption to the transfer of technology itself. The Internet network is so large and cannot be changed instantly except with a gradual transition. In addition, operating systems and software must begin to participate in the transition process in a rounded way. The process of transitioning to IPv6 is faster when campaigned.

Internet Protocol Version 6 addressing

IP address version 6 (often referred to as IPv6 address) is a type of network addressing used in the TCP / IP network protocol that uses the IP version 6. The total length is 128-bit, and theoretically can address up to 2128 = 3.4 x 1038 hosts computers all over the world. Example IP address version 6 is 21DA: 00D3: 0000: 2F3B: 02AA: 00FF: FE28: 9C5A.

Unlike IPv4 which only has 32-bit length (the total number of addresses it can reach reaches 4,294,967,296 addresses), IPv6 addresses have a 128-bit length. IPv4, even though the total address reaches 4 billion, in fact there are not up to 4 billion addresses, because there are some limitations, so the current implementation only reaches a few hundred million. IPv6, which has a 128-bit length, has a possible total address of up to 2128 = 3.4 x 1038 addresses. This very large total address aims to provide address space that will not be exhausted (up to several future periods), and form a routing infrastructure that is arranged hierarchically, thereby reducing the complexity of routing processes and routing tables.

Just like IPv4, IPv6 also allows the existence of a DHCP Server as a natural regulator at automatic. If in IPv4 there are dynamic addresses and static addresses, then in IPv6, address configuration using a DHCP server is called the stateful address configuration, while if the configuration of IPv6 addresses without a DHCP Server is called stateless address configuration.

Like IPv4 which uses bits at a high level (high-order bits) as network addresses while bits at low levels (low-order bits) as host addresses, in IPv6 similar things also happen. In IPv6, bits at a high level will be used as identification types of IPv6 addresses, called Format Prefix (FP). In IPv6, there is no subnet mask, only Format Prefix. IPv6 addressing is defined in RFC 2373.

IP Address

An IP address (Internet Protocol Address or often abbreviated as IP) is a series of binary numbers between 32-bit to 128-bit that are used as identification addresses for each host computer in the Internet network.

The length of this number is 32-bit (for IPv4 or IP version 4), and 128-bit (for Internet Protocol Version 6 ) which shows the address of the computer on TCP / IP-based Internet networks.

The protocol that has become the standard and is used almost by the entire Internet community is TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol). In order for computers to communicate with other computers, according to the rules of TCP / IP, the computer must have a unique address. This address is called an IP address. The IP Address has the following format: aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd. Example: 167.205.19.33

Format IP Address

The IP address consists of 32 bit binary numbers separated by dots every 8 bits. Every 8 bit called an octet. The form of IP address can be written as follows:
xxxxxxxx.xxxxxxxx.xxxxxxxx.xxxxxxxx
So this IP address has a range of 000000.00.000000.00000000.00000000 to 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111111. IP address notation with binary numbers like this is difficult to use, so it is often written in 4 decimal numbers, each separated by 4 dots, better known as "dotted decimal notation. Internet Protocol Version 6

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